Science Content Standards:
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Standards and Framework
California Content Standards
Content Standards Grades K-12 - Science -PDF Format
Grade 6: Investigation and Experimentation (7a, b, c,
e, g, h)
Grade 7: Investigation and Experimentation (7a, b, c,
Grade 8: Investigation and Experimentation (9a, b, e,)
Grade 9: Investigation and Experimentation (1a, c, d,
1. This is an introductory activity to the
phases of the moon and the affect of the moon on tides. For the younger
grades: it would be helpful for students to have some prior knowledge on
the phases of the moon.
2. Most students will require assistance
with drawing the phases of the moon. After going to moon
definitions, show students that they can view the different phases
of the moon by advancing the animation to the numerical quantity required
to see the phase they want. I indicated on the Student Page that
the "Full Moon" and "New Moon" phases were labeled and drawn for them.
They are labeled, however, I lacked the expertise to draw them! Sorry!!!
3. Allow students some time to explore the moon
4. Students should choose a region to study
5. Students will need to change some of the
prediction options: number of lines (30), length of time (4 weeks) and
click "Make New Prediction." After observing the
table, students will change another prediction option: display type (graphic
plot), pixels (640 by 320).
6. Students should notice a horizontal "hour
glass" shape to the graph. Have them print it out if necessary and
highlight the shape of the "hourglass." The rounded portions of the
"hourglass" indicate the highest and lowest tides of the month. The
part in between are the days in the month when the difference
between high and low tide is minimal. Occasionally, because
of the region chosen and the moon phases, students will
not see an hour glass shape. Rather, students will observe a graph
that has one rounded portion in the middle that tapers on either side of
it. The interpretation is the same.
7. Guide students to the realization that
during the "rounded part of the hourglass" the highest and lowest tides
occur. What is the name for these types of tides? During the
flattened out time of the month there is very little difference between
high and low tides. What is the name for these types of tides?
8. Finally, guide students to realize what
moon phases can be associated with those types of tides.
Data collection & interpretation, Predicting, &
Effective use of Internet resources
Work sheet & graph (Sample Student Activity Sheet
available at moon
1. Students can select another region of
the world. They should compare the new ocean tides with their original
data to determine differences in tides and moon position.
2. Students can graph data points by hand
in order to predict the exact days of the
Spring and Neap tides. Then they can further predict
the precise days of the Full,
New, and Quarter phases of the moon.
By using moon
phases interactive or another site students
can verify their predictions.
3. Students can also visit http://www.geocities.com/RainForest/4221/moonnow.htm
some poetry about the moon and its phases. Students
may wish to write their own poetry
or short story about the moon.