Soil and Worm Composting

Soil Science and Worm Composting


Created by: Julie Newton
Huntington Beach City School District


Resources Needed


A good scientist always keeps an orgnized record of his or her findings and thoughts. Get a spiral notebook or other kind of note pad to record what you learn while doing these activities. Be sure to record the date and time at the top of each entry. You can make and decorate a cover for it too.

Activity 1: The anatomy of a worm.

Just like we have names for the different parts of our body so does a worm. 

Activity 2: Worm vocabulary.

In this activity you are going to make your own wordsearch. 

Activity 3: How does a worm move?

Activity 4: The compost pile and what a worm eats.

Worms have a special job. They are called decomposers. They eat fruits, vegetables, leaves, grass and other natural things that rot and break down in soil. Any fruits, vegetables, bread pieces, or garden clippings are great food for worms in a compost bin, Meat, cheese, and other things with animal products are will make your compost bin smelly. There are many places your can explore on the internet to find out what worms like to eat.

Activity 5: My day as a worm.

Now that you are a worm expert on worms click below to write a fun story about life a worm.

Activity 6: Show what you know.

 Test your skills on Cornell Composting's interactive quiz. 

Activity 7: Make your own compost bag to study.

         Collect your materials 

Observe your materials

Assemble your compost bag

Maintain your compost bag

Observe your worms at work

Activity 8: Make a compost bin at home.

There are lots of sites that will show you how to make your own compost bin at home. Explore these sites with your family at home and find one that you like. Happy composting! 

Activity 9: Congratulations! You're a certified wormologist! Click on Herman to print out your certificate 

A Few Internet Resources:


Created August 10, 2001
Last Revised August 16, 2001

Teacher Notes

Suggested Grade Level: 2 

Science Content Standards

California Science-Grade 2-Earth Sciences -3c
California Science-Grade 2-Investigation and Experimentation -4a, 4c, 4d, 4f, 4g
Several areas of California Reading - Language Arts Grade 2 standards covered as well.

S.C.O.R.E. Lessons Standards Search by Grade and Subject
S.C.O.R.E. Standards and Framework
California Content Standards Grades K-12
California Content Standards Grades K-12 - Science - PDF Format




Students can be assessed in many areas.