Introduction to Gas Laws
This is an introduction to five of the basic laws governing gases.
Created by: Susan Miller
Hebrew Academy H.B.
Your Task: Using these links and text you will become a master gas specialist .
Click here to see Charles' and Gay-Lussac's Laws - see slide and text
Click here for Charles' Law exercise
Click here for interactive Ideal Gas activity
Click here for Dalton's fun
Discoveries made by Boyle started the study and development of the gas laws. The gas laws are simple mathematical relationships between the volume, temperature, pressure, and amount of a gas. You may a the calculator link at the bottom of this page.
The final step is a short quiz and if you are successful a reward!
Your reward for completing this activity is a Gas ! Have Fun!
A Few Internet Resources:
Sheppard's Science Resources
Sheppard's Useful Links
Created August 22, 2003
Last Revised September 2, 2003
Suggested Grade Level: 9 to 11
California Content Standards: -
Gases and their Properties
4. The Kinetic Molecular theory describes the motion of atoms and molecules and explains the properties of gases.
As a basis for understanding this concept, students know:
a. the random motion of molecules and their collisions with a surface create the observable pressure on that surface.
b. the random motion of molecules explains the diffusion of gases.
c. how to apply the gas laws to relations between the pressure, temperature, and volume of any amount of an ideal gas or any mixture of ideal gases.
d. the values and meanings of standard temperature and pressure (STP).
e. how to convert between Celsius and Kelvin temperature scales.
f. there is no temperature lower than 0 Kelvin.
g.* the kinetic theory of gases relates the absolute temperature of a gas to the average kinetic energy of its molecules or atoms.
h.* how to solve problems using the ideal gas law in the form PV=nRT.
i.* how to apply Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures to describe the composition gases, and Graham's Law to describe diffusion of gases.
Search the standards:
S.C.O.R.E. Lessons Standards Search by Grade and Subject
S.C.O.R.E. Standards and Framework
California Content Standards Grades K-12
California Content Standards Grades K-12 - Science - PDF Format
The students could use this this with the chemistry unit on Phases of Matter.
One other note depending which text book you are using the symbol for "constant" could be a "k" or "c".
Interpreting data, making inferences, forming hypotheses, making predictions .
Effective use of Internet resources including searching and being able to recognize credible websites for sources of information.
Assessment: worksheet, interactive quizzes and Internet activities.
Explore the other links related to Science.